Militarism after all – Season 1 finale – Ep 31

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Today is our final episode for the year.  We discuss the HUGE pile of recent military news that has occurred within the last week, to include Jim Mattis’ resignation, 4k troops departing Syria, half of the current deployment in Afghanistan redeploying, and so on.

For that who haven’t heard, Fortress On A Hill has a new cohost: BT Hampton.  He’s an OIF / OEF veteran like Danny and myself and we’re pumped to have him as part of our tiny circle of self destruction.  You can find his blog and personal podcast here.  

2:23– The death and crimes of George H.W. Bush

20:00– Niger investigation update

35:33– Syria redeployment \ cutting Afghanistan troops in half

38:40– Mattis resignation

1:08:20– Patron questions

1:45:08– An outrageous amount of militarism in a small package

An operation in Niger went fatally awry.  Who is the Army punishing? – Thomas Gibbons-Neff – NYT


Enjoy the show?!  Please leave us a review right here.

Contact us direct by email at fortressonahill@gmail.com

Leave us a voicemail at 860-598-0570.  We might even play it on the podcast!!!

Not a contributor on Patreon? You’re missing out on amazing bonus content! Sign up to be one of our contributors today! – www.patreon.com/fortressonahill

A special thanks to our honorary producers Matthew Hoh, Will Ahrens, Gage Counts, Fahim Shirazee, and James Higgins!!  Without you guys, we couldn’t continue our work.  Thank you so much!!!

Not up for something recurring like Patreon, but want to give a couple bucks?!  Visit Paypal.me/fortressonahill to contribute!!

Facebook – Fortress On A Hill

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FOH is hosted, written, and produced by Chris ‘Henri’ Henrikson and Danny Sjursen

Intro / outro music “Fortress on a hill” written and performed by Clifton Hicks.  Clifton’s Bandcamp pageClifton’s Patreon page

Cover and website art designed by Brian K. Wyatt Jr. of B-EZ Graphix Multimedia Marketing Agency in Tallehassee, FL

Note: The views expressed in this podcast are those of the hosts alone, expressed in an unofficial capacity, and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. government.

Danny roundup – November 2018

I’ve decided to start doing a monthly roundup of Danny’s writing pieces.  It will help give a better single spot to check for specific articles.

Start with Danny’s American History for TruthDiggers series, an ongoing project examining US history from a more detailed and history based perspective.  The most recent addition (part 21) discussed the lost history of World War I and how its peace didn’t last, despite the overwhelming horror of the conflict.  

American History for Truthdiggers: A Savage ‘War to End All Wars,’ and a Failed Peace

“America Is Headed For Military Defeat in Afghanistan” at the American Conservative

“What if Osama bin Laden Had Legitimate Grievances?” at TruthDig

“Three Thanksgivings – Snapshots From a Career of Failure” at Antiwar.com

“Global War to Infinity and Beyond” at TomDispatch.com

“Nexus of Evil: The Cynical Saudi-Israeli Alliance and the Reshaping of the Middle East” at Antiwar.com

“The Reclamation of George W. Bush Is an American Tragedy” at Antiwar.com

“One Veteran’s Plea – Get Informed or Ditch the Holiday” at Antiwar.com

“Has Iraq Become Another ‘Lesson Lost’ Like Vietnam?” at The American Conservative

“Not on the Agenda – America’s Wars Are a Non-Factor in Today’s Midterm Elections” at Antiwar.com

From Afghanistan with sorrowful results – Ep 29

It’s been WAY too long since we’ve done headlines, so we do our best to catch you up.  I break down the current situation in Yemen and discuss some updates, including the American contractors working as mercenaries there while Danny takes us back to the seventeen year old war in Afghanistan, showing the headlines missed during the week while the media was focused on a photo of the senior commander in Afghanistan carrying his rifle.


America Is Headed For Military Defeat in Afghanistan – Danny Sjursen – The American Conservative

Tank plant in Ohio that Trump “saved” – nothing in piece suggested he actually “saved” it.

1.3 million Iraqi children displaced by war with Islamic State

Al Qaeda commander gets numerous emergency surgeries while held at GITMO.

US exempts Iran’s Chabahar Port from sanctions – helpful to Afghanistan’s economy.

Iraq asks US to consider how sanctions will affect Iraq’s economy / etc.

Marine veteran protests Leupold at Blazers game

Think Progress on Leupold protest

Second Saudi journalist tortured and murdered by Saudi authorities

The Ministry of Defense in the UK is being petitioned to stop recruiting 16 and 17 year olds.

Low IQ draftees were chosen after Vietnam leaders couldn’t make numbers.

Rust costs 21 billion per year

Statistical connections between veterans and mass shooters

Army secretary says NCOs should visit barracks on weekends to prevent suicide

Hypertension linked to Agent Orange exposure

VA moving hundreds of docs from union admin spots back to providing care for veterans

1 in 5 generals couldn’t deploy for medical reasons in 2016

There’s a strong possibility that several of the northern Marianas Islands will become bombing ranges for the US Navy – ep from Chapo Traphouse

The Trump administration is demanding the Supreme Court immediately rule on the ban on transgender people serving in the military.

VA isn’t providing benefits correctly to veterans with ALS

85k children under believed to have died in the war in Yemen – CNN

Trump may declare the Houthis a terrorist organization

Finland and Denmark have joined Germany in ceasing all weapons sales to Saudi Arabia over their war crimes in Yemen, along with the continuing fallout from the assassination of Washington Post writer Jamal Khashoggi

Yemenis killed in assassination by American contractors


Enjoy the show?!  Please leave us a review right here.

Contact us direct by email at fortressonahill@gmail.com

Leave us a voicemail at 860-598-0570.  We might even play it on the podcast!!!

Not a contributor on Patreon? You’re missing out on amazing bonus content! Sign up to be one of our contributors today! – www.patreon.com/fortressonahill

A special thanks to our honorary producers Matthew Hoh, Will Ahrens, Gage Counts, and Fahim Shirazee!!  Without you guys, we couldn’t continue our work.  Thank you so much!!!

Not up for something recurring like Patreon, but want to give a couple bucks?!  Visit Paypal.me/fortressonahill to contribute!!

Facebook – Fortress On A Hill

Twitter – Fortress On A Hill

Soundcloud – Fortress On A Hill

FOH is hosted, written, and produced by Chris ‘Henri’ Henrikson and Danny Sjursen

Intro / outro music “Fortress on a hill” written and performed by Clifton Hicks.  Clifton’s Bandcamp pageClifton’s Patreon page

Thanks to Nate Bethea from What A Hell of a Way to Die for editing and mixing this episode

Cover and website art designed by Brian K. Wyatt Jr. of B-EZ Graphix Multimedia Marketing Agency in Tallehassee, FL

Note: The views expressed in this podcast are those of the hosts alone, expressed in an unofficial capacity, and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. government.

Nothing to see here…just take your war criticism and get out! – Ep 26

Going through the official government narratives of conflict, there’s a lot of learn, even knowing that you’re dealing with a certain percentage of deliberate obfuscation and outright falsehoods.  It’s important to discuss what the war planners of a given conflict knew, at what point they knew it, and how they acted on that information. A new Army report with heavy criticism over operations during Operation Iraqi Freedom will be released soon and while I expect to get irate while reading it, I also expect to learn a lot that I didn’t already know.  We’ll do a much longer episode on the full report when it’s released. Enjoy!

Skip to 3:21 in the player{

2:00 – Syrian civil war update and America’s involvement

10:21 – Brain injuries from a roadside bomb


18:38 – Irresponsible general calls for war with China in 15 years

29:41 – Patron question on posse comitatus and habeas corpus

34:44 – New report critical of Army operations during the Iraq war

US war with China is likely in 15 years, retired general says – Vanessa Gera – Associated Press

Here’s Exactly What A Roadside Bomb Does To Your Head – Ronald Glasser – Task and Purpose

The Army Tried To Bury A Critical Report On All Its Failings In The Iraq War – Adam Linehan – Task and Purpose


Enjoy the show?!  Please leave us a review right here.

Contact us direct by email at fortressonahill@gmail.com

Leave us a voicemail at 860-598-0570.  We might even play it on the podcast!!!

Not a contributor on Patreon? You’re missing out on amazing bonus content! Sign up to be one of our contributors today! – www.patreon.com/fortressonahill

A special thanks to our honorary producers Matthew Hoh, Will Ahrens, Gage Counts, and Fahim Shirazee!!  Without you guys, we couldn’t continue our work.  Thank you so much!!!

Not up for something recurring like Patreon, but want to give a couple bucks?!  Visit Paypal.me/fortressonahill to contribute!!

Facebook – Fortress On A Hill

Twitter – Fortress On A Hill

Soundcloud – Fortress On A Hill

FOH is hosted, written, and produced by Chris ‘Henri’ Henrikson and Danny Sjursen

Intro / outro music “Fortress on a hill” written and performed by Clifton Hicks.  Clifton’s Bandcamp pageClifton’s Patreon page

Cover and website art designed by Brian K. Wyatt Jr. of B-EZ Graphix Multimedia Marketing Agency in Tallehassee, FL

Note: The views expressed in this podcast are those of the hosts alone, expressed in an unofficial capacity, and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. government.

To the victor in Syria goes the spoils of war…and mass murder – Ep 14.5

We’ve got one exceptionally LONG episodes of headlines for you.  Danny and I discuss a bunch of new developments in Syria, Google’s choice to not renew their contract to Project Maven, and discussion about Reality Winner and the Intercept.  Enjoy!!!

15:51 – The US / Turkey reach agreement over Syrian town

26:52 – New interim VA director Peter O’Rourke – updates on VA Mission Act

35:37 – The US is pushing NATO to get more troops / weapons ready in order to deter Russia

43:41 – US bombing in Raqqa, Syria may have violated international law

52:32 – Partisan battle for tactical nuclear weapons begins in the Senate

1:01:56 – Google chooses not to renew contract for Project Maven

1:05:36 – No more foreign bases

1:12:56 – Reality Winner and the Intercept  

Association of Veterans Affairs Psychological Leaders – Breakdown of VA Mission Act

U.S. AIRSTRIKES VIOLATED INTERNATIONAL LAW IN “WAR OF ANNIHILATION” IN RAQQA, SYRIA, SAYS AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL – Murtaza Hussain – The Intercept

SYRIA: “WAR OF ANNIHILATION”: DEVASTATING TOLL ON CIVILIANS, RAQQA – SYRIA – Amnesty International

THE U.S. SHOULD NOT BUILD MORE FOREIGN BASES – Akhilesh (Akhi) Pillalamarri – Defense Priorities

GOOGLE WON’T RENEW ITS DRONE AI CONTRACT, BUT IT MAY STILL SIGN FUTURE MILITARY AI CONTRACTS – Lee Fang – The Intercept

US senators grapple with new sub-launched nuke – Joe Gould – Marine Corps Times

U.S. pushes NATO to ready more forces to deter Russian threat – Robin Emmott and Idrees Ali – Reuters


Enjoy the show?!  Please leave us a review right here.

Got news to share about our military or veterans?! Or just need to cuss at us for a bit?! Contact us direct by email at fortressonahill@gmail.com

Leave us a voicemail at 860-598-0570.  We might even play it on the podcast!!!

Not a contributor on Patreon? You’re missing out on amazing bonus content! Sign up to be one of our contributors today! – www.patreon.com/fortressonahill

A special thanks to our honorary producers Matthew Hoh and Will Ahrens!!  Without you guys, we couldn’t continue our work.  Thank you both so much!!!

Facebook – Fortress On A Hill

Twitter – Fortress On A Hill

Soundcloud – Fortress On A Hill

FOH is hosted, written, and produced by Chris ‘Henri’ Henrikson and Danny Sjursen

Cover and website art designed by Brian K. Wyatt Jr. of B-EZ Graphix Multimedia Marketing Agency in Tallehassee, FL

Music provided royalty free by Bensound.com

Note: The views expressed in this podcast are those of the hosts alone, expressed in an unofficial capacity, and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. government.

The return of John Bolton and deported veterans – Ep 10.0

Wow, these last few weeks have had so much news for Danny and I to comb through.  The gas attack in Douma and our government’s response, John Bolton becoming national security adviser, the killing of Palestinian protesters in the Gaza Strip, and a whole host of other major stories.  Here’s the Fortress breakdown of recent events.  Our whistleblower episode aires a week from today on the 20th, so keep an eye out for that.

00:40 – Danny’s quick takes on tons of shit – John Bolton, Trump says leave Syria, killing protestors in Gaza

10:15 – Hector Barajas and the Deported veterans support house

18:35 – Pentagon raises budget more than the entire military budget of Russia

24:36 – Imprisoned veterans in Kuwait

Ep 5.0 – Gold Star Families be damned (has story on the return of Marco Chavez from Mexico following his pardon from Gov. Jerry Brown)

Ep 8.0 – Africa under the microscope (has story on the closing of USCIS offices near Army basic training locations, making it much more difficult for military recruits to become naturalized.)

ACLU Report details how the US failed deported veterans

Twice-Deployed Afghan War Vet Denied Citizenship Due To Felony Drug Conviction – MANYA BRACHEAR PASHMAN – CHICAGO TRIBUNE

11,800 active military members have a relative in fear of deportation – Lara Copp – Military Times

The Army Is Testing A Mechanical ‘Third Arm’ Right Out Of ‘Aliens’ – Jared Keller – Task and Purpose

She fought in Desert Storm, now the Kuwaitis are torturing her son and the US won’t intervene – Adam Linehan – Task and Purpose

Killeen woman fights to free fiance from Kuwait prison sentence – Josh Sullivan – Killeen Daily Journal

The Pentagon’s spending increase is more than Russia’s entire military budget – Vice News – David Gilbert


Enjoy the show?!  Please leave us a review right here.

Got news to share about our military or veterans?! Or just need to cuss at us for a bit?! Contact us direct by email at fortressonahill@gmail.com

Not a contributor on Patreon? You’re missing out on amazing bonus content! Sign up to be one of our contributors today! – www.patreon.com/fortressonahill

A special thanks to our honorary producers Matthew Hoh, Will Ahrens, Ron Unger, and Gage Counts!!  Without you guys, we couldn’t continue our work.  Thank you all so much!!!

Facebook – Fortress On A Hill

Twitter – Fortress On A Hill

Soundcloud – Fortress On A Hill

FOH is hosted, written, and produced by Chris ‘Henri’ Henrikson and Danny Sjursen

Cover and website art designed by Brian K. Wyatt Jr. of B-EZ Graphix Multimedia Marketing Agency in Tallehassee, FL
Music provided royalty free by Bensound.com

Note: The views expressed in this podcast are those of the hosts alone, expressed in an unofficial capacity, and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. government.

Interview with Iona Craig of The Intercept – Part 1 – Ep 8.5

Journalism commitment comes in a variety of forms.  I’ve spent a lot of my time searching and reading news from all kinds of sources.  And as such, I read a lot of the same journalists, sometimes even at different outlets.  Glenn Greenwald would be a good example, as he appears on various outlets to share his work.  One day, you might be reading Glenn at the Intercept, and the next he might be appearing on Fox News.  The point is that he doesn’t seem to have limits on what he will do or what news outlet he might appear on; he simply wants the truth to be out there.  Danny is another great example of this. Danny writes for a variety of outlets, but doesn’t always share the IDENTICAL political affiliation that the outlet serves.  Danny’s goal is to have as many people read his work, regardless of who they are or their political affiliation.

Iona Craig is a journalist with a similar commitment, but in a very different direction.  Yemen.  She studies, writes about, and has even lived for years in Yemen.  I’ve never seen a journalist with that kind of commitment to her craft.  When I was a soldier years ago, I came to the realization on deployment that our constant changing of units (a normal part of deployments and Army life in general) wouldn’t allow us to make lasting relationships with the people in Iraq, and without trust, real change can’t be made.  And secondary to that, the people you visit, like the people I met in Iraq and the friends and contacts Iona has made in Yemen, deserve to create trust with visitors to their country.

Thanks to Iona for joining us on Fortress On A Hill.  Here is Part 1 of our discussion, along with a couple headlines that Iona was kind enough to sit in on and give us her perspective.  Enjoy!!!

00:30 – Danny discusses the emerging “threat” of China

16:45 – Ousting of Rex Tillerson as Secretary of State, replaced by Mike Pompeo

25:25 – Interview with Iona Craig of the Intercept – Part 1

[bctt tweet=”Meanwhile on the humaitarian side, obviously things have gotten dramatically worse. Deaths in the conflict now, although the UN stopped counting at the end of 2016 when it reached 10k in terms of children. Estimates are in the 50k for non-combat deaths, just purely on the humaitarian side this last year. What’s that mean for things on the ground? It means every time I go back there, I see more and more children dying of starvation, in medical centers across the country. Less than 50% of the country’s hospital are operational. Of a population of 27 million people, approximately 22 million need of humanitarian assistance. – Iona Craig on the crisis in Yemen” username=”fortressonahill”]

China Isn’t America’s Enemy, at Least Not Yet – Bloomberg – James Stavridis

IONA CRAIG WON A POLK AWARD FOR HER INVESTIGATION OF A SEAL TEAM RAID THAT KILLED WOMEN AND CHILDREN IN YEMEN. HERE’S HOW SHE DID IT. – The Intercept – Peter Maass

Death in al Ghayil (Women and Children in Yemeni village recall horror of Trump’s “highly successful” SEAL raid) – Iona Craig – The Intercept


Enjoy the show?!  Please leave us a review right here.

Got news to share about our military or veterans?! Or just need to cuss at us for a bit?! Contact us direct by email at fortressonahill@gmail.com

Not a contributor on Patreon? You’re missing out on amazing bonus content! Sign up to be one of our contributors today! – www.patreon.com/fortressonahill

Facebook – Fortress On A Hill

Twitter – Fortress On A Hill

Soundcloud – Fortress On A Hill

FOH is hosted, written, and produced by Chris ‘Henri’ Henrikson and Danny Sjursen

The show was mixed and edited by Chris Henrikson

Cover and website art designed by Brian K. Wyatt Jr. of B-EZ Graphix Multimedia Marketing Agency in Tallehassee, FL

Music provided royalty free by Bensound.com

A special thanks to our honorary producers Matthew Hoh and Will Ahrens!!  Without you guys, we couldn’t continue our work.

Note: The views expressed in this podcast are those of the hosts alone, expressed in an unofficial capacity, and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. government.

AFRICOM under the microscope – Ep. 8.0

In Ep 8.0, Danny and Henri take the FOH lens back to Africa, as they attempt to make sense of new information (and lack thereof) on both the Niger ambush and the overall AFRICOM mission.  They also dig into new developments involving foreign born service members, suspected ‘foreign born terrorists,’ and the US government’s failings toward badly needed reconstruction funds for rebuilding Iraq.

00:35 – The pursuit of ‘foreign born terrorists’ / Closing of USCIS offices near Army bases

17:06 – The dangers of America’s ever expanding mission in Africa

31:00 – Iraq reconstruction

41:53 – Niger ambush command failures

Foreign born terrorists – TomDispatch – Arnold R. Issac

The destabilizing dangers of American counterterrorism in the Sahel – Nathaniel Hale – War on the Rocks

After destroying Iraq, US won’t commit a dime to reconstruction – TruthDig – Juan Cole

Allies promise Iraq $30 billion, falling short of Baghdad’s appeal – Reuters – Maher Chmaytelli, Ahmed Hagagy

Command Failures Led to Niger Ambush, Explosive Report Shows – Military.com – Richard Sisk

U.S. MILITARY OPENED SECRETIVE DRONE BASE TO VISITORS (AFTER THE INTERCEPT WROTE ABOUT IT) – Joe Penney – The Intercept


Enjoy the show?!  Please leave us a review right here.

Got news to share about our military or veterans?! Or just need to cuss at us for a bit?! Contact us direct by email at fortressonahill@gmail.com

Not a contributor on Patreon? You’re missing out on amazing bonus content! Sign up to be one of our contributors today! – www.patreon.com/fortressonahill

A special thank you to our honorary producers, Matthew Hoh and Will Ahrens.

Facebook – Fortress On A Hill

Twitter – Fortress On A Hill

Soundcloud – Fortress On A Hill

FOH is hosted, written, and produced by Chris ‘Henri’ Henrikson and Danny Sjursen
The show was mixed and edited by Chris Henrikson
Cover and website art designed by Brian K. Wyatt Jr. of B-EZ Graphix Multimedia Marketing Agency in Tallehassee, FL
Music provided royalty free by Bensound.com

Note: The views expressed in this podcast are those of the hosts alone, expressed in an unofficial capacity, and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. government.


	

50th anniversary of the Tet Offensive – lessons of Vietnam revisited with Greg Daddis Part 2 – Ep 6.5

We recently passed the 50th anniversary of the Tet Offensive.  As such a pivotal point in time to understand, we continue our sit down with COL (ret) Greg Daddis and discuss the factors that led to America’s losses in Vietnam and how those lessons are still so important today.

4:50 – Nation building in Syria

14:37 – Veteran sizzle reel

19:05 – Trump admin’s new national security strategy

28:40 – Changing the rules about VA Individual Unemployability – Check out Ep 5.0 for recent news on the VA involving medical marijuana and using veterans as props.

38:00 – The use of special operations forces in the war on terror

52:52 – Part 2 of our sit down with COL (ret) Greg Daddis on the anniversary of the Tet Offensive and the lessons Vietnam can teach us about the War on Terror.


America in search of an un-Geneva on Syria – War on the rocks – Sam Heller

Military investigating shooting in newly leaked Afghan combat video – Politico – Wesley Morgan

Fact Check: Did Donald Trump’s 2018 Budget Proposal Cut Support for Disabled Veterans? – Snopes

Trump’s National Defense Strategy Has the Pentagon Popping Champagne – The American Conservative – Andrew Basevich

Tomgram: Nick Turse, The Coming Year in Special Ops


Enjoy the show?!  Please leave us a review right here.

Got news to share about our military or veterans?! Or just need to cuss at us for a bit?! Contact us direct by email at fortressonahill@gmail.com

Patreon – Fortress On A Hill

Facebook – Fortress On A Hill

Twitter – Fortress On A Hill

Soundcloud – Fortress On A Hill

FOH is hosted, written, and produced by Chris ‘Henri’ Henrikson and Danny Sjursen
The show was mixed and edited by Chris Henrikson
Cover and website art designed by Brian K. Wyatt Jr. of B-EZ Graphix Multimedia Marketing Agency in Tallehassee, FL
Music provided royalty free by Bensound.com

Note: The views expressed in this podcast are those of the hosts alone, expressed in an unofficial capacity, and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. government.


	

50th anniversary of the Tet Offensive – lessons of Vietnam revisited with Greg Daddis Part 1 – Ep 6.0

It’s interview time today!!!!  We present part 1 of our sitdown with COL Greg Daddis.  COL Daddis is the expert’s expert on Vietnam and today we will discuss the lessons from Vietnam that can be applied to the endless warfare our country wages.  Ep 6.5 will have part 2 of COL Daddis’ interview, following our normal headlines, which will drop on Feb 9.

Gregory Daddis is an associate professor of history and director of Chapman’s MA Program in War and Society.  Dr. Daddis joined the History Department in the summer of 2015 after having served as the Chief of the American History Division in the Department of History at the United States Military Academy at West Point. A retired US Army colonel, he has served in both Operations Desert Storm and Iraqi Freedom. Dr. Daddis specializes in the history of the Vietnam Wars and the Cold War era.

Arthur Schlesinger – The bitter heritage

Andrew Basevich – The limits of power


Enjoy the show?!  Please leave us a review right here.

Got news to share about our military or veterans?! Or just need to cuss at us for a bit?! Contact us direct by email at fortressonahill@gmail.com

Patreon – Fortress On A Hill

Facebook – Fortress On A Hill

Twitter – Fortress On A Hill

Soundcloud – Fortress On A Hill

FOH is hosted, written, and produced by Chris ‘Henri’ Henrikson and Danny Sjursen
The show was mixed and edited by Chris Henrikson
Cover and website art designed by Brian K. Wyatt Jr. of B-EZ Graphix Multimedia Marketing Agency in Tallehassee, FL
Music provided royalty free by Bensound.com

Note: The views expressed in this podcast are those of the hosts alone, expressed in an unofficial capacity, and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. government.